Blackjackalso known as Twenty-oneVingt-et-un French for Twenty-oneor Pontoonis the most widely played casino banking game in the world. The basic rules of the game involve adding the value of an initial two card hand in hopes of being dealt a value of twenty-one. If a value of less than twenty-one is dealt, the player may choose to be dealt single cards until they either reach a value of twenty one, reach a value they feel comfortable to play, or reach a value that exceeds twenty-one. The winner holds a hand with a value of, or nearest to, twenty-one without exceeding it. The game is played in many variations at casinos with different table rules. The casino version of the game should not be confused with the British card game Black Jack a variant of Crazy Eights.
The first written reference is found in a book of Miguel de Cervantesthe author of Don Quixoteand a gambler himself. The main characters of his tale "Rinconete y Cortadillo", from "Novelas Ejemplares", are a couple of cheaters working in Seville. They are proficient at cheating at "veintiuna" Spanish for twenty-oneand stated that the object of the game is to reach 21 points without busting, and that the Ace values 1 or The game is played with Barajathat игровые автоматы на деньги с мин депозитом without tens, which makes the game similar to the current Spanish This short story was written between andso the game was played in Castilia since the beginning of the 17th Century or even earlier.
Later references of this game are found in France and Spain. When 21 was introduced in the United States it was not very popular, so gambling houses tried offering various bonus payouts to get the players to the tables. This hand was called a "blackjack" and the name stuck to the game, even though the bonus payout was soon abolished. 21 блэкджек the modern game, a "natural" or "blackjack" is simply an ace plus a ten-value card. In casino blackjack, Template:Clarify the dealer faces one to seven players from behind a kidney-shaped table. Hiwager игровые автоматы player plays his hand independently against the dealer. At the beginning of each round, the player places a bet in the "betting box" and receives an initial hand of two cards.
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The object of the game is to get a higher card total than the dealer, but without going over 21 which is called "busting", "breaking", or many other terms. The player goes first and plays his hand by taking additional cards if he desires. If he goes over 21 points, he "busts" and automatically loses the hand and his bet. Then the dealer plays his or her hand. If the dealer busts, he loses to all remaining players who have cards whose 21 блэкджек are equal to or below If neither busts, the higher hand total wins. Template:Clarify It is possible for the dealer to lose to some players but still beat other players in the same round. Example of a Blackjack game. The top half of the picture shows the beginning of the round, with bets placed and an initial two cards for each player.
The bottom half shows the end of the round, with the associated losses or payoffs. Cards are dealt in three ways, either from one or two hand-held decks, from a box known as a "shoe" containing four to eight decks, or from a shuffling machine. When dealt from a shoe, all 21 блэкджек cards are normally dealt face-up, with minor exceptions. If the dealer has less than 17, he must hit. Normally, the highest possible hand is a "blackjack" or "natural," meaning an initial two-card total of 21 an ace and a ten-value card. A player blackjack is an automatic winner unless the dealer also has blackjack, in which case the hand is a "push" a tie. When the dealer upcard is an ace, the player is allowed to make a side bet called "insurance," supposedly to guard against the risk that the dealer has a blackjack i.
The insurance bet pays 2-to-1 if the dealer has 21 блэкджек blackjack. Whenever the dealer has a blackjack, he wins against all player hands except those that also have a blackjack which are a "push". The minimum and maximum bets are posted on the table. The payoff on most bets ismeaning that the player wins the same amount as he bets. There are many single-deck games which pay only for a blackjack. After receiving букмекерская контора для профессионалов initial two cards, the player has four standard options: he can "Hit," "Stand," "Double Down," or "Split a pair. 21 блэкджек some casinos or tables, the player may have a fifth option called "Surrender.
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Hand signals are used to assist the "eye in the sky," a person or video camera located above the table but concealed behind one-way glass. This tool is used to protect the casino against dealers or players who cheat. It may also be used to protect the casino against card counterseven though card counting is not illegal. The player can take as many hits as he wants as long as the total in his hand is not above hard However, if he busts, he loses that hand. After all players have finished making their decisions, the dealer then reveals his hole card and plays out his or her hand according to predetermined rules. The blackjack player will encounter many rule variations which affect the house advantage and therefore affect his chances of winning.
Some rules are determined by law or regulation, others by the casino itself. Not all rules are posted, so the player may have to ask either beforehand or when the situation occurs. Over variations exist. The casino has a "house advantage" at blackjack just as it does at any other casino game. The primary house advantage in blackjack comes from the fact that if the player busts he loses, irrespective of whether the dealer subsequently busts. This is very favorable to the player compared to other casino games. Of course, many blackjack players do not know basic strategy or do not follow it, so the true house advantage in those cases may be much higher. Each casino has a rule about whether or not the dealer hits soft 17, a rule which is printed on the table itself.
In the "S17" game, the dealer stands on all 17s. In the "H17" game, the dealer hits on soft 17s. Of course, the dealer always stands on hard 17s. In either case, the dealer has no choice; he either must or must not hit. The "Hit soft 17" game is less favorable to the player with about a 0. All things being equal, fewer decks are always more favorable for the basic strategy player. One cause of this is that player blackjack is slightly more likely in single deck blackjack because blackjack requires two different cards, by removing a card of one type e. In reality, multi-deck games almost always have otherwise better rules than single-deck games. For illustrative purposes, the statistics below all use the same rules: double after split, resplit to four hands, one card to split Aces, no surrender, double on any two cards, original bets only lost 1xbet слоты играть slot1xbet4 dealer blackjack, dealer hits soft 17, and cut-card used.
The single deck game is much better than double deck, which is significantly better than four decks, while from six decks бесплатная онлайн рулетка up there is very little difference. Some casinos offer a favorable option called "surrender," which allows the player to give up half his bet and not play out the hand. This option is sometimes referred to as "late" surrender because it occurs after the dealer has checked his or 21 блэкджек hole card for a blackjack. When casinos first opened in Atlantic City, the surrender option was available before super slots casino бездепозитный бонус 500 рублей dealer checked for blackjack - a rule highly advantageous to the player - but this "early surrender" option soon disappeared.
Early surrender variations still exist in several countries. With early surrender, a player is more likely to surrender against a dealer Ace. If the player splits a pair other than aces and a 21 блэкджек card of that value appears, the player can usually split again or "resplit" by putting up another bet equal to the 21 блэкджек bet.
Then there will be three bets on the table and three separate hands. Some casinos allow unlimited resplitting of cards other than aces, while others may limit it to a certain number of hands, such as four hands for example, "resplit to 4". After splitting aces, one common rule is that only one card will be dealt to each ace; the player cannot split, double, or take another hit on either hand. Rule variants include allowing resplitting aces or allowing the player to hit split aces. Allowing the player to hit aces reduces the casino edge by about 0. After splitting a pair, some casinos allow the player to "double down" on either or both of the new two-card hands. This is called "double after split" and provides an advantage to the player of about 0.
Often called "Reno" rules, this rule restricts the player to doubling down only on an initial player total of 10 or 11 sometimes 9, 10, or 11 - more common in Europe. It prevents doubling on soft hands such as soft 17 ace-6and is unfavorable for the player. It increases the house advantage by between 0. These numbers can vary due to interaction with other rules. In most non-U. This means that there is no dealer hole card. The no hole card rule adds approximately 0. In some places, Template:Where. This has the 21 блэкджек advantage as the usual game, and as such does not change basic strategy. This is the most unfavorable common variation, increasing the house edge significantly more than слоты слоттика играть бесплатно U.
Since blackjack occurs in approximately 4. The payout for video blackjack is a key reason why it has never approached the table version in terms of popularity. The rule is most commonly employed on table blackjack at single deck games - which are otherwise the most attractive game for a basic strategy player. Allowing the dealer to win all push hands is catastrophic to the player. Though rarely used in standard blackjack, it is sometimes seen in "blackjack-like" games. Insurance is a side bet of up to half the original bet placed on a special portion of the table usually marked "Insurance Pays 2 to 1". It is attractive although not necessarily wise for the player to insure against this possibility by making an "insurance" bet, which pays 2-to-1 if the dealer has a blackjack, in which case the "insurance proceeds" will игра кено отзывы up for the concomitant loss on the original bet.
The insurance bet is lost if the dealer does not have blackjack, although the player can still win or lose everum casino отзывы the original bet. A player who is counting cards can keep count of the remaining tens in the shoe and use it to make insurance bets only when he has an edge e. In addition, in a multi-hand single deck game, it is possible for insurance to be a good bet simply by observing the other cards on the table - for an initial hand, if the dealer has an ace, then there are 51 cards left in the deck, of which 16 are tens.